Danube sediment analysis published
Author: isi网站管理员-刘成 Source: Updated: 2019-11-29

Curve of Danube River. Credit: Getty Images

The EU Interreg Danube Transnational Programme has published  its data analysis for the future sediment management plan for the river:  www.interreg-danube.eu/uploads/media/approved_project_output/0001/37/96aa5f0389e23a912c019a07ffa96a21d63348de.pdf. The programme investigates how to tackle adverse changes in the sediment load caused by riverbed straightening and hydropower dams and dykes, which contributes to flood risks and reduces navigation possibilities and hydropower production. It also leads to the loss of biodiversity within the Danube Basin.


For the analysis, the project team collected and analysed sediment transport data along the river from the Black Forest in Germany to the Black Sea.


The collected data included information on morphological changes, the longitudinal profile, dredging, sediment variations, and water levels. This data was referenced against historical data to validate the changes.


Sediment dredging along the Danube River has been performed mainly for water management, such as river training works, navigation and flood protection, construction of hydropower plants, and for commercial purposes, such as the sale of gravel and sand for construction.


Dredging data was considered important. “Overdredging for commercial purposes has often caused riverbed degradation leading to a fall in the surface and ground water levels in certain stretches of the Danube River. Sediment feeding has been performed downstream of the hydropower plants in order to reduce the impact of riverbed degradation, only in several stretches of the Danube in Germany and Austria,” it is stated in the report.


“The most complete data were collected for the period between 1991–2016. Some of the partner countries provided fairly detailed data on dredging, such as Germany, Austria, Slovakia, [and] Hungary, including the annual volume, locality, and purpose of dredging with smaller or no data gaps. By contrast, some countries provided only the total volume of sediments dredged in longer river stretches in selected years,” the report authors stated.


One of the main conclusions was therefore that a unified approach to collecting data was needed to simplify future monitoring.


A manual of the morphological monitoring based on data collection in this report, more detailed analysis, and available scientific knowledge are available in the report titled ‘Long-term morphological development of the Danube in relation to the sediment balance’.


(Source: https://dredgingandports.com/news/2019/danube-sediment-analysis-published/)

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